Wednesday, March 12, 2014

HMNS Science and History Day: Magna Carta Exhibit

At today's HMNS science day, Lilly asked to go to the upstairs' sights and she boldly explored further into the exhibit than she had before. 
Egyptian box to hold canopic jars.
A replica of The Rosetta Stone
After our quick tour, I asked her to pose next to one of the statues, and show she had conquered her fear, but I guess it wasn't as sweet of an accomplishment to her:
...Or the memory of green face giant mummy was still on her mind.

While we kept ourselves busy, the kids were dissecting snakes in their class. They excitedly discussed the contents in detail on the drive home. 

We had a beautiful day for a picnic lunch and to spend time with their friends

Christopher graciously offered (or was he pressed in to service?) to be Lilly's guide

The Magna Carta (meaning the large charter) with details of liberty written in Middle Ages Latin short hand, the original 1217 edition. Looks pretty good for its 800 years!

We Americans can thank those lords, earls and barons who suffered under King Richard and King John, revolted and demanded their rights. Many of our rights, like trial by jury of your peers, were inspired by this great document:
(32) No free-man shall be taken or imprisoned, or dispossessed, of his free tenement, or liberties, or free customs, or be outlawed, or exiled, or in any way destroyed; nor will we condemn him, nor will we commit him to prison, excepting by the legal judgment of his peers, or by the laws of the land.
Read the full translated Magna Carta here
Our docent pointed out that these laws didn't help the liberties of the peasants, surfs. But two hundred years later, due to so many deaths in the bubonic plague, the peasant class was able to move up in society out of necessity.

Our docent also pointed out that the king didn't sign it, he sealed it. I thought it was interesting the ruling class spoke French, as their heritage from William the Conqueror but the rest in England spoke English. The document was in Latin, since it was the language of official documents, the influence of the Church.
After King John signed, he told the pope the people made him sign against his will, so the pope believed him and annulled it.  A Civil war broke out, and King John seeing his subjects meant to have these reforms, agreed to sign it again.  Interesting royal family tree and dysfunctions and interesting stories of battles for land. 

Okay, on to some fun things in the exhibit,  guess what this is:
A peasants privy
aka potty

All kinds of interesting Middle Ages England tidbits:
Home remedies for bruise: raw bacon applied to skin
Migraine: hole in the skull

Peppercorns were a more valued commodity than gold.

Sometimes, hopefully not often. urine was used as mouthwash, skin ailments and for cleaning clothes. It could be a commodity, hence the handy carrying bucket:

Sticks were used as toothbrushes
Peasants were actually healthier since they couldn't afford sugar to eat and they ate in wooden bowls instead of lead laden pewter plates that would slowly poison the affluent.

We all enjoyed the lessons in weaponry and the girls tried making chain mail.

Sizing him up

King Richard the Lionhearted met his death from a shoulder wound inflicted by a cross bow like this one. Who could survive a hit from that?

How could knights even see who to fight with this on?

Sources of different dyes used in clothing for the ruling classes: 

This exhibit had many hands on activities that engaged the kids and kindled their enthusiasm. Bravo HMNS!

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